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The benefits of omega-3 fatty acids (DHA and EPA) start at the cellular level
- Fatty acids are derived from medium-chain triglycerides and long-chain triglycerides (MCTs and LCTs)
- When hydrolyzed, LCTs yield omega-3 fatty acids, which benefit human health1
- LCTs are the ONLY source of omega-3 fatty acids
Omega-3 fatty acids strengthen the development and functioning of organs at the cellular level
Brain and retina2-4
Have highly specialized functional roles in normal signal transduction, neurotransmission, and neurogenesis
Help lower blood pressure and improve blood vessel function
Play a key role in numerous metabolic processes1,6
In addition to acting as a source of energy
Throughout the body1,3
Are released from membranes by phospholipases for conversion to mediate immune function, platelet aggregation, and lipid homeostasis
Omega-3 fatty acids can ease inflammation before it causes widespread damage to the body2
- DHA and EPA may have clinically important anti-inflammatory effects in a variety of conditions associated with fat malabsorption2
- A balanced ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids is beneficial in maintaining normal development, immunological function, and overall health
Fats can increase caloric uptake and, when compared with proteins and carbohydrates, are a greater source of calories (cal) (9 kcal/gram vs 4 kcal/gram for proteins and carbohydrates)7
- National Institutes of Health Website. Omega-3 fatty acids: fact sheet for professionals. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/omega3FattyAcids-HealthProfessional/. Accessed October 16, 2017.
- Calder PC. Omega-3 fatty acids and inflammatory processes. Nutrients. 2010;2:355-374.
- Abedi E, Sahari MA. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid sources and evaluation of their nutritional and functional properties. Food Sci Nutr. 2014;2(5):443-463.
- Uauy R, Mena P, Rojas C. Essential fatty acids in early life: structural and functional role. Proc Nutr Soc. 2000;59(1):3-15.
- Harvard School of Public Health Website. The Nutrition Source. Omega-3 fatty acids: an essential contribution. https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/omega-3-fats/. Accessed October 16, 2017.
- Prentice AM, Paul AA. Fat and energy needs of children in developing countries. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000;72(5):1253S-1265S.
- Cleveland Clinic Website. Fat and calories. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/fat-and-calories. Accessed October 16, 2017.
This information is intended for
US healthcare professionals
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